Multicultural Counselor Supervision and Perceived Differences on Client Outcome


  • Andrew Perez University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
  • Saara Grizzell University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
  • Jerome Fischer University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
  • Jennifer Jazinski University of Texas Rio Grande Valley



The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between counselor supervisors’ and supervisees’ perceptions of the impact of multicultural supervision on client outcome. Counselor supervisors and supervisees may have differences in how much they believe multicultural factors affect client outcome and this study aimed to determine what differences exist. There were 61 participants in the study consisting of faculty, counselor supervisors, counselors, and graduate students in counseling-related fields. The current study found that multicultural supervision/competence alone predicted supervisor perceptions of client outcome. The findings suggest that training in supervision and multicultural supervision is vital to the professional development of counselors and trainees in counseling- related fields. This training is also necessary because of the impact it has on clients. The implications of this study highlight the need to improve the knowledge of those in counseling-related fields as to the importance of multicultural counseling and competence in training.

Keywords: multicultural, supervision, counselor self-efficacy